Бар (питейное заведение)
Бар - заведение, которое продает алкогольные напитки для их употребления непосредственно в помещении. (В отличие от него, винный магазин продает алкоголь для потребления вне своего помещения.) В некоторых барах подается еда или они являются частью ресторана. "Бары", являющиеся частью гостиницы иногда называют "long bars" (лаунж-барами). Также "баром" называется специализированная стойка, за которой наливают алкоголь. Зачастую, за барной стойкой находятся декоративные полочки (т.н. "задний бар"), заставленные бокалами и бутылками с алкоголем. Часто, если еда подается в другой части заведения, ее можно заказать прямо за барной стойкой и забрать там.
- Бикини-бар - бар с привлекательными девушками-официантками, обнаженными до пояса (Топлес).
- Бар байкеров - бар, часто посещаемый байкерами; как правило, имеет "криминальную" репутацию.
- Спортивный бар – бар, посещаемый спортивными болельщиками, которые ходят туда смотреть спортивные игры и встречаться с другими болельщиками.
- Гомо-бар (гей-бар) – бар, который посещают геи и лесбиянки, чтобы знакомиться и встречаться друг с другом.
- Коп-бар - бар, часто посещаемый полицейскими во время дежурства.
In the United States, legal distinctions often exist between restaurants, bars, and even types of bars. These distinctions vary from state to state, and even among municipalities. Beer bars (sometimes called taverns or pubs) may be legally restricted to only selling beer or possibly wine, cider and other low-proof beverages. Liquor bars sell everything from beer to hard liquor.
Bars are sometimes exempt from smoking bans that restaurants are subject to, even if those restaurants have liquor licenses. The distinction between a restaurant that serves liquor and a bar is usually made by the percentage of revenue earned from selling liquor, although increasingly, smoking bans include bars too.
In most places, bars are prohibited from selling alcoholic beverages to go. There are some exceptions. Usually brewpubs and wineries can serve alcohol to go, but under the rules applied to a liquor store. In some areas, such as New Orleans and parts of Las Vegas, alcohol may be prepared to go. This kind of restriction is usually dependent on open container law.
Historically, the western United States featured saloons. These bars featured swinging doors, dirt or sawdust-covered wood floors, and spitoons. Whiskey was the most common drink. The establishment might feature a piano player, an adjunct hotel, and prostitution. Many saloons survive in the western United States, though their services and features have changed with the times. Newer establishments have been built in the saloon style to duplicate the feeling of the older establishments.
Since the late 1970s, many Irish or British themed "pubs" have opened in the U.S.
In the UK 'bar' used to mean a wine bar, but now, 'Style Bars', trendy and generally high-quality drinking establishments are more common. However the main type of establishment selling alcohol for consumption on the premises is the public house or pub. The origin of this division is related to the times when exclusive drinking establishments which were admissible by membership only have barred entry from normal members of public, as oppose to the Public Houses which are open to all; this distinction remains true today as most bars will have some admissions policy and on weekends and other busy times even a selector / bouncer while pubs remain completely open with no admissions policy or dress code. Bars are also areas that serve alcoholic drinks within establishments such as hotels, restaurants, and universities.
In Australia, traditionally the 'public bar' was where only men drank, while the 'lounge bar' or 'saloon bar' was where women or men could drink (ie mixed drinking). This distinction is not seen now as anti-discrimination legislation and women's rights activism has broken down the concept of a public drinking area accessible to only one sex. Where two bars still exist in the one establishment, one (that derived from the 'public bar') will be more downmarket while the other (deriving from the 'lounge bar') will be more upmarket. Over time, with the introduction of pokies into hotels, many 'lounge bars' have or are being converted into gaming rooms.
In Italy, a 'bar' is a place similar to a Café, where people go during the morning or the afternoon, usually to take a coffee, a cappuccino, a hot chocolate, some small pizzas, or a sandwich (panino or tramezzino). However, any kind of alcoholic beverage are also be served. Most bars are open late into the evening, although those in the suburbs close at the sunset. In the main cities as Milan, Rome, Turin and Genoa there are hundreds of bars that proposed a mix of bar, restaurant and disco club service. Most Italian bars offer an "aperitivo" time everyday at the sunset, with sometimes happy hour and every time with a large offer of pastas, beef dishes, vegetables and appetizer, all that completely free.
Bars range from down-and-dirty "dives" which are little more than a dark room with a counter and some bottles of liquor, to elegant places of entertainment for the elite.
Many bars set a happy hour to encourage off-peak patronage. Contrastingly, bars that fill to capacity typically implement a cover charge, often similar in price to one or two cocktails, during their peak hours. Such bars often feature entertainment, which may be a live band (often of the blues variety), a popular D.J., or a variety (female impersonation) show.
Интересные факты, связанные с барами
- The longest bar in the world is 684 feet or about 208.5 meters long and is located at the New Bulldog in Rock Island, Illinois.
- A bar is now located in the New York City building that once housed the National Temperance Society.
- The United States Marine Corps' first recruiting station was in a bar.
- Actors Tom Arnold, Sandra Bullock, Chevy Chase, Bill Cosby, Kris Kristofferson, and Bruce Willis, and musicians Dave Matthews and Rob Dougan are all former bartenders.
Additionally, the concepts of retrobars and lounge bars also exist.
Бары в фильмах
Several fictional bars have featured prominently in movies, including the following:
- Coyote Ugly
- Mos Eisley Cantina (Star Wars)
- Rick's (Casablanca)
Several fictional bars have featured prominently in television series, including the following:
- Archie Bunker's Place
- Babylon on Queer as Folk
- Karatos on Angel
- Moe's Tavern on The Simpsons
- Phil's on Murphy Brown
- The Queen Victoria on EastEnders
- The Regal Beagle on Three's Company
- Ten Forward on Star Trek: The Next Generation
- Rovers Return on Coronation Street
- The Drunken Clam on Family Guy
- P3 on Charmed
For more, see the List of fictional bars.