Сент-Питерсберг (Флорида)/Temp

Сент-Питерсберг
[[Image:|250px|Вид города]]
Флаг города
Герб города
Прозвище:
Солнечный город штата Флорида
Штат: Флорида
Округ: Pinellas County
Дата основания: 1876
Площадь: 344,7 км²
Геогр. широта: 27°46′15″ C с. ш.
Геогр. долгота: 82°40′45″ З з. д.
Телефонный код: ???
Мэр: Рик Бэйкер
Население
В черте города, тыс. чел.: 248 232
С пригородами, тыс. чел.: ?? ([])
Время
Часовой пояс UTC-5
Разница во времени
(от Гринвича):
??? час.


Сент-Питерсберг (местные часто называют его St. Pete) — город в округе Pinellas штата Флорида, известен как место отдыха жителей Северной Америки и европейцев. По переписи 2000 года население составляет 248 232 человека. В 2004 году, по данным Американского бюро переписи населения, было зарегистрировано 249 090[1], сделав Питерсберг четвёртым по величине городом Флориды. Сент-Питерсберг является вторым размеру городом на заливе Тампа St. Petersburg is the second largest city in the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater metropolitan area, which is composed of roughly 2.6 million residents, making it the second largest Metropolitan Statistical Area in the state behind Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, and the third largest in the southeast.

Город расположен на полуострове между заливом Тампа и Мексиканским заливом. Полуостров соединен с материком на Севере, и с городом Тампа на востоке (дамбой и мостами через залив Тампа), а также соездинен с городом Брейдентоном на юге (мостом Саншайн скайуэй, пересекающим воды округа Хилсбороу).

В связи с тем, что в Сент-Питерсберге хорошая погода около 360 дней в году, ему дано прозвище «Солнечный город». По этой причине в нем популярен туризм, особенно для штатов с холодным северным климатом преимущественно в городах Нью-Йорк, Детройт и Чикаго.

Содержание

История

Город основан Джоном С. Виллиамсом (John C. Williams) из Детройта, который купил землю в 1876 году и Питером Деменсом, который построил железнодорожную станцию в 1888 году. Сент-Питерсберг был зарегистрирован 29 февраля, 1892 года, на тот момент он имел население примерно 300 человек.

Город был назван в честь российской столицы Санкт-Петербурга (места рождения Питера Деменса]]. Существует местная легенда о том, что Джон Виллиамс и Питер Деменс подбросили монету, чтобы решить - кому из них выпала честь назвать город. Питер Деменс выиграл и назвал город в честь своего места рождения, а Джон Виллиамс назвал в честь своего места рождения первый отель, Детройт. Отель "Детройт" до сих пор существует в деловой части города.

Главная отрасль промышленности города появилась в 1899, когда Генри Хиббс, уроженец города Ньюпорта штата Северная Каролина, открыл компанию по оптовой торговле рыбой. Менее чем через год, компания стала продавать более чем 1,000 фунтов (454 кг) рыбы каждый день.

Работы по увеличению глубины канала, продолжающиеся с 1906 по 1908, открыли Питерсберг для более больших судов. Дальнейшие работы по улучшению портового оборудования продолжались и в 1910-ые. К тому времени население города увеличилось в 4 раза и стало 4,127.

В 1914 был произведен полет на самолете из Питерсберга в Тампу через залив Тампа и обратно это положило начало, как обычно считается первой коммерческой авиакомпании. Компания называлась "Abirboat Line", а пилот был Тони Джаннус. Тони награждался ежегодно за престижную работу в авиакомпании. Есть даже очень популярное место для встреч названное в честь Тони Джаннуса - "Место посадки Джаннуса" на центральной авеню в центре города. In 1914, airplane service across Tampa Bay from St. Petersburg to Tampa and back was initiated, generally considered the first commercial airline. The company name was the "Airboat Line" and the pilot was Tony Jannus. The Tony Jannus award is presented annually for prestigious work in the airline industry. There is also a very popular local music/entertainment venue named after Tony Jannus called Jannus Landing on Central Avenue in Downtown. Air service was discontinued in 1924 with the opening of Gandy Bridge, the first across Tampa Bay, which allowed automobile traffic between the two cities.

The city population continued to multiply during the twentieth century through the 1970s as the town became a popular retirement destination for Americans from midwestern cities, reaching 238,647 in the 1980 census. By the 1980s, however, the population had levelled off, and has grown by only 10,000 since then, primarily as a result of being "built-out".

Geography

St. Petersburg is located at 27°46′56″ с. ш. 82°40′3″ з. д. (G) (27.782254, -82.667619)Шаблон:GR.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 133.1 square miles (344.7 km²)— 59.6 square miles (154.4 km²) of it is land and 73.4 square miles (190.2 km²) of it (55.19%) is water.

Demographics

As of the censusШаблон:GR of 2000, there were 248,232 people, 109,663 households, and 61,630 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,163.1 persons per square mile (1,607.3/km²). There were 124,618 housing units at an average density of 2,090.0 per square mile (806.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.36% White, 22.36% African American, 0.31% Native American, 2.67% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.07% from other races, and 2.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.23% of the population.

There were 109,663 households out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.3% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.8% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,597, and the median income for a family was $43,198. Males had a median income of $30,794 versus $25,860 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,107. About 9.2% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Attractions and points of interest

St. Petersburg has a branch of the state university, the University of South Florida St. Petersburg, as well as St. Petersburg College and Eckerd College. The Poynter Institute, a school for journalists, future journalists and teachers of journalism, is also located in St. Petersburg. The non-profit school is the owner of the St. Petersburg Times, a unique arrangement engineered by the founder of both, Nelson Poynter. The city has a children's museum (Great Explorations), Museum of Fine Arts, a History Museum, a Holocaust Museum and the Salvador Dalí Museum, which houses the largest collection of Dalí's work outside of Europe, including a number of famous and large-scale paintings such as The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. There are also various other smaller art galleries and entertainment venues, especially in the Downtown area, which has seen a boom in development since the mid 1990s.

The St. Petersburg Pier contains a small aquarium open to the public. Retail shopping, adventure activities, and dining- most notably the historic Columbia Restaurant, are also located at the Pier. Dolphin sight-seeing boats depart from The Pier to tour Tampa Bay. You can also rent boats to charter or captain yourself. Frequently docked at The Pier is the replica of the HMS Bounty used in the 1962 MGM movie starring Marlon Brando. The Bounty charges a fee for tours, and has recently returned from filming the sequel to Disney's Pirates of the Caribbean. This replica was also used in the filming of the 2005 adult movie Pirates.

Downtown is the location of the Baywalk shopping complex, home to a Muvico 20 screen movie theater, as well as many chain restaurants and retail shops, catering to more of a middle and upper class audience. North of downtown is Great Explorations, The Children's Museum, a fun, interactive museum with many new exhibits, including a children's village with giant pretend stores, Fire House and Pet Vet Clinic, and preschool, science, music, art, and water exhibits. The museum is located next to the Sunken Gardens (Florida) site, home to the gardens themselves, and a stretch of fine dining (on newly developing 4th Street) that includes many nationally recognized restaurants as well as numerous local specialties. Every Saturday morning, from October to April, the downtown area holds a farmers market, of sorts. Local produce farmers can be found selling their fruits up and down the downtown region, as well as live bands, barbeque vendors, and artists of all kinds. The locally renowned "Ringside Cafe" features live Blues music every night from various musicians, and is always a hotspot among the locals.

The Wikimedia Foundation is also based in St. Petersburg, as was Wikia, Inc. before its re-incorporation in Delaware.

Sports

Club Sport League Stadium
Tampa Bay Buccaneers Football National Football League (NFL) - NFC Raymond James Stadium
Tampa Bay Lightning Hockey National Hockey League (NHL) - Eastern Conference St. Pete Times Forum
Tampa Bay Devil Rays Baseball Major League Baseball - AL Tropicana Field, St. Petersburg
Tampa Bay Storm Arena Football Arena Football League (AFL) St. Pete Times Forum

St. Petersburg is represented by teams in four major professional sports. One, the Tampa Bay Devil Rays of Major League Baseball, plays in St. Petersburg proper, while the other three play across the bay in Tampa. All of the teams are considered to represent the entire Tampa Bay metropolitan area. The Devil Rays began play in 1998, but have yet to be a major contender - finishing last in the American League's East Division in eight of the nine seasons they have played.

Tropicana Field, the home venue of the Devil Rays, played host to the 1999 Final Four. St. Petersburg is also home to the Honda Grand Prix of St. Petersburg, the inaugural race was held in April 2005. The circuit itself is made of downtown streets passing Progress Energy Park, the marina, and a runway in Albert Whitted Airport, and streets are temporarily blocked off for the annual Indy Racing League race, which was last held on April 2, 2006. The race has been confirmed to return from March 30 - April 1, 2007.

See the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area page for more details.

St. Petersburg is the home of many past, present, and future sports icons. In the area of hails the WBC and IBF Light Middleweight Champion Ronald "Winky" Wright and IBF, IBO, and WBO Champion Jeff Lacy. Football is a big interest in the area. Ernest Givins, Stacey Simmons, William Floyd, and Pat Terrell are some of the famous retired NFL players from the city. Shaun King, Marquell Blackell, Aveion Cason, Darren Howard, Tim Carter, Kenny Heatly, and DeAndrew Rubin are some players currently in the NFL from the city. Sam Smith, Andre Hall, Mike Ross, Jason Teague, Chris Davis, Billy Henderson, Chris C. Davis, Omonigho Imeokparia, Jovon Jackson, Pat Carter, Kevon Marion, and Ralph "Ricky" Willams are some players looking to enter the NFL in the next couple of years. Current Devil Rays pitcher Doug Waechter is also from St. Pete, and current Indy Racing League driver and 2005 Indianapolis 500 Champion Dan Wheldon resides in St. Pete as well.

Trivia

  • About one-third of Ian Fleming's James Bond novel, Live and Let Die, is set in St. Petersburg.
  • Bayfront Medical Center is the city's largest hospital and has a flight-evacuation program (Bayflite).

Sister cities

  • Takamatsu, Japan
  • Saint Petersburg, Russia ("twin city" relationship)

Notable residents

  • Charlie Crist, Governor-elect, 2006
  • Angela Bassett, Leading Actress
  • Bob Devin Jones, playwright
  • Nicole Haislett, freestyle swimmer
  • Jack Kerouac, leading figure of the beat generation
  • Jeff Lacy, professional boxer
  • Tony Little, fitness guru
  • Lary Crews, writer
  • John Loftus, former U.S. Justice Department Nazi war crimes prosecutor, the president of the Florida Holocaust Museum, and terrorism expert
  • Jimmy Wales, founder of Wikipedia
  • Dan Wheldon, race car driver
  • Winky Wright, professional boxer
  • Bill Klase, martial arts expert, bail agent
  • Billy Corgan, Smashing Pumpkins band member
  • Gordon Mackenzie, former Major League Baseball player and minor league manager.

External links

Шаблон:Mapit-US-cityscale

Шаблон:Pinellas County, Florida Шаблон:Florida

 
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